Iranian protests, soccer, #bluegirl, Olympics
A woman holds a sign reading "Let Iranian women enter their stadiums" during the men's quarter-final volleyball match between Italy and Iran at Maracanazinho Stadium in Rio de Janeiro on August 17, 2016, during the Rio 2016 Olympic Games. / AFP / Eric FEFERBERG (Photo credit should read ERIC FEFERBERG/AFP/Getty Images)
Culture Archive

#Bluegirl's death launches global protests against Iran's stadium ban

Iranian protests, soccer, #bluegirl, Olympics
A woman holds a sign reading "Let Iranian women enter their stadiums" during a volleyball match at the 2016 Rio Olympic Games. On Sept. 10, a woman died after setting herself on fire following her arrest for sneaking into a men's football match in Tehran.  (Photo by ERIC FEFERBERG/AFP/Getty Images)

An Iranian woman known as “#BlueGirl” set herself on fire and died in protest after being told that she could face up to six months in prison for impersonating a man when she attempted to illegally sneak into a soccer match. 

Black text that reads why this matters
The desire to view or be a part of sport is not defined by gender. The death of an Iranian woman who was denied access to watch a game in person has sparked a move to push government officials to loosen the restrictions, allowing equal access to all.

Iran is the only country in the world that bans women from entering soccer stadiums and punishes them for violating the ban. While the ban is not written into law, it is “ruthlessly enforced by the country’s authorities,” said Mindy Worden, director of global initiatives at Humans Rights Watch.

This was the second time 29-year-old Sahar Khodayari had been arrested this year for trying to attend the matches. She disguised herself with a blue wig when she tried to enter the stadiums, thus the nickname “Blue Girl.” She was charged with “insulting the public by defying the dress code for women,” according to official court documents. After spending three nights in jail, Khodayari returned to Tehran’s Ershad Courthouse on Sept. 2 to receive her belongings and was informed about the possibility of facing jail time. She then set herself on fire outside the courthouse. 

Khodayari died on Sept. 9 at Tehran Hospital after suffering burns on 90% of her body. 

The Associated Press reported that FIFA is working with Iranian authorities to put an end to the ban of women entering stadiums, preferably before Oct. 10 when Iran will host a World Cup qualifying game against Cambodia at Azadi Stadium in Tehran. The ban has been in place since the 1979 Islamic Revolution. Last October women were allowed to attend a national team friendly in an area of the stadium that was separate from where men were seated. 

Also, the Iranian government canceled a broadcast of a top-level German soccer match on Feb. 15 with reports in German media citing the match’s female referee as the reason for the cancellation.

 In the past, women have been detained by police when trying to enter a stadium in other countries. Saudi Arabia lifted its ban on women attending sporting matches in January 2018, leaving Iran as the only government enforcing it.  Recently, Iran has been taking small steps toward equality for female fans.

In June 2018, female fans were allowed to view a match in Azadi Stadium for the first time in 37 years. The World Cup match was streamed to screens in the stadium, and women were able to purchase tickets to view the match.

Khodayari’s death led to an uproar on social media and the hashtag #BlueGirl is trending worldwide as people ask FIFA to take action to end Iran’s stadium ban. FIFA issued a statement saying, "We are aware of that tragedy and deeply regret it. FIFA convey our condolences to the family and friends of Sahar and reiterate our calls on the Iranian authorities to ensure the freedom and safety of any women engaged in this legitimate fight to end the stadium ban for women in Iran."

According to ABC News, there was no report on Khodayari’s death from Iranian state media or its prominent semi-official news agencies. 

"What happened to Sahar Khodayari is heart-breaking and exposes the impact of the Iranian authorities' appalling contempt for women's rights in the country," said Philip Luther, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa research and advocacy director. "Her only 'crime' was being a woman in a country where women face discrimination that is entrenched in law and plays out in the most horrific ways imaginable in every area of their lives, even sports."

Katie Thomas is a senior sports journalism major at Arizona State University

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